By Julia Chmelenko
According to the Red Book of the Russian Federation, the country has seen a sharp reduction in the number of rare animals. One of the reasons for this phenomenon is rampant poaching and smuggling to China. After all, the demand on bears, tigers, musk deer, marten is high in the People's Republic of China. Dead animals are transported to China in batches, while many tiger and bear cubs are left orphaned in the wild.
Indeed, the number of crimes related to the poaching of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, as well as the transportation of derivatives across the border for further processing has increased significantly. In order to stop the rapid poaching in the spring of this year, the Russian government seriously increased penalties for breaking the rules of protection of habitats and migration routes of rare species. The law provides for fines in the amount of 2-5 thousand rubles ($100-200, previously 300-500 rubles) to individuals, 5-10 thousand ($300-400, previously 500-1,000 rubles) to officials, and 10-15 thousand rubles ($400-500, previously 5-10 thousand rubles) to legal entities. Under the new legislation, an individual can be fined up to 2-5 thousand rubles for violating hunting regulations (previously the fine was 1-2 thousand rubles). The fine makes up 20-30 thousand rubles ($1,000, previously 10-15 thousand rubles) for official personas. Violating fishing regulations may result in fines from 5,000 rubles for individuals, 20-30 thousand rubles for officials and 100-200 thousand - for legal entities. It is worth mentioning that in October last year, the Russian government allowed employees of the Federal Fisheries Agency to use firearms and tear gas during arrests.
It should be noted that to date, several species of animals are seriously threatened in our country. First of all, it goes about the Amur tiger. Today, the poaching of these animals has reached a truly catastrophic scale. According to official statistics, a record number of killed animals has been confiscated in the Far East of Russia over the past 12 months - thirty three dead tigers. Environmental groups of the Far East point out the unprecedented growth of confiscation of derivatives of Amur tigers, not to mention the detection of orphaned cubs. There is a real threat for this beautiful animal to become extinct. Maria Vorontsova, the head of the department of the fund in Russia, believes that the current population of the Amur tiger will not survive the losses inflicted by poachers.
Brown bears in the Krasnoyarsk and Primorsky regions are being exterminated widely as well. More....