Shocking figures have been released showing the drastic decline in Gabon’s elephant population as a result of poaching. An estimated 11,100 elephants have been killed since 2004 in the Minkebe National Park alone. It is probable that the majority of these losses occurred over the last 5 years.
Gabon holds 13% of the African continent’s rain forests but is estimated to be the home to over half of Africa’s forest elephants, with a population estimated at over 40,000.
Dr. Fiona Maisels of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), who has been analysing the survey data of the elephant population in Minkebe National Park, explained that: “Comparing the area already surveyed in 2012/13 with the same area surveyed in 2004, suggests that between 44-77% of the elephants have been killed: in other words, that 11,100 elephants have been lost since 2004”.
Working with the World Wide Fund Nature (WWF) and WCS, Agence nationale des parcs nationaux (ANPN) launched a wildlife survey of Minkebe National Park and its buffer zone in October 2012. The objective is to assess wildlife abundance and human impact across the area and in particular to assess the impacts of the dramatic surge in elephant poaching over recent years. The survey was funded by ANPN, the CITES MIKE (Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants) Programme and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
It was previously thought that Gabon’s elephant herd had been declining much more slowly than in the rest of the region, but in the last couple of years there have been a series of poaching incidents, including two elephant massacres detected by staff of the Gabonese National Parks Agency. In April 2011, parks staff detected 27 elephant carcasses in the Wonga Wongué Wildlife Reserve savannahs. Poachers had killed the elephants and then used chain saws to remove the ivory, while leaving the bodies to rot. Parks staff estimated that several hundred carcasses were hidden in the rainforests that cover much of Wonga Wongué area.
In June 2011, a significant increase in human activity in the Minkebe National Park and its buffer zone was detected; a small camp of 300 artisanal gold miners had expanded to over 5000 miners, poachers, and arms and drugs dealers. More....