By Elaine Lies
Poaching and illegal trade of bears, whose bile is used in traditional medicine and folk remedies, remains robust across Asia, putting wild bear populations under unrelenting pressure, according to a report by a wildlife trade monitoring network.
Products made from bile extracted from bears' gall bladders were found on sale in traditional medicine outlets in all but one of the 13 nations and territories surveyed by TRAFFIC. Macao was the sole exception.
"Both the Asiatic Black Bear and the Sun Bear are threatened by poaching and illegal trade," said Kaitlyn-Elizabeth Foley, lead author of the report and senior program officer of TRAFFIC Southeast Asia, in a statement.
"The demand for bile is one of the greatest drivers behind this trade and must be reduced if bear conservation efforts are to succeed."
In cases where bile is extracted, the process requires milking open incisions, which animal rights groups say causes physical and psychological suffering.
The products — including whole gall bladders and pills — were most frequently found in mainland China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Myanmar and Vietnam, where they were for sale in half of all places surveyed.
The report noted that while sales of bear bile are legal in some Asian nations — including mainland China and Japan — any trade across borders is prohibited by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). More....