By Mark Simmonds
We’re facing a crisis. A rhino is killed by a poacher every 10 hours, fewer than 3,500 tigers are left in the wild. Somewhere in Kenya at least one elephant is killed every day of the year. This is not simply an environmental problem.
With 25,000 elephants poached globally in 2011 and 22,000 in 2012, the illegal wildlife trade has become a global criminal enterprise, with the power and reach to halt economic development, drive conflict, sustain terrorist groups and mire the poorest people in poverty.
Poaching devastates communities across Africa, especially those parts of the continent facing the worst aspects of the poaching crisis, including in Kenya. There is vital work going on every day across the continent to respond, from groundbreaking conservation efforts in Namibia or experiments with the latest technologies in Kenya. This work exacts a terrible toll; over 1,000 park rangers have been killed in the last 10 years.
Africa is leading the political response, with Kenyan leadership in CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species), the steps taken at the African Elephant Summit in Botswana last December and the efforts of Gabon to raise this at the United Nations. The leadership shown by Kenya, Botswana, Gabon and others is exactly what is needed to confront the problem and put an end to it.
Kenya is leading the way in terms of its responses on the ground. The new Wildlife Act is a clear signal, from the very top, of Kenya’s determination to hold those responsible for trafficking to account and to deter those who wish to use Kenya as a transit country. Kenya Wildlife Service is increasing the number of rangers and working innovatively with organisations like the Northern Rangelands Trust to improve security in the national parks and beyond.
And public awareness of the crisis is at an all time high. Through the British High Commission, the UK is working in partnership with Kenyans in all of these areas to bring an end to the poaching epidemic within Kenya’s borders.
But poaching and the illegal wildlife trade are global concerns. The illegal wildlife trade is now a serious criminal industry, worth billions, and has the potential to destabilise regions and threaten sustainable development. The international community must not leave Africa to face this problem unsupported. We must all face the repercussions of wildlife crime, from money laundering to destruction of livelihoods.
The UK is committed to playing our role in helping to stop this trade and solve these issues. It is our responsibility to support the leadership that countries such as Kenya in Africa and elsewhere are showing on the issue. We have recently adopted a cross-government action plan to tackle the illegal wildlife trade. We have also announced new funding of £10 million (Ksh1.4 billion) for projects aimed at tackling poaching and the illegal wildlife trade and will release details soon on how we will spend these funds.
On 13 February we will host governments from across Africa, Asia, America and Europe at an International Conference on the Illegal Wildlife Trade in London, to galvanise international action. Our focus will be improving law enforcement to catch and punish those responsible; supporting the development of sustainable livelihoods in areas affected by wildlife crime; and reducing demand for wildlife products, because demand for these products is what drives the trade.
We hope that the governments at the London Conference will join us in setting out the highest political commitment ever to tackling wildlife crime and helping those states affected to fight back. From improved law enforcement to working with local communities there is plenty of work to do, and we are keen to get started. We simply cannot wait – because, if we do, it will be too late to save these iconic species. And if, together, we cannot save them then we will face a real uphill struggle to protect other lesser-known species from the same fate.
(Simmonds is the UK’s Minister for Africa)