By Eko Widianto
TEMPO.CO, Malang - A wildlife protection organization, ProFauna Indonesia, has found new modus in smuggling and trading wild animals. The smugglers would wrap the animals inside cardboards and asked a courier, usually an old lady to carry them on public transportation such as inter-city buses.
"This is to avoid officers' suspicions," said the Chairman of ProFauna Indonesia, Rosek Nursahid yesterday, adding that the syndicate pays the courier cheap.
Similar smuggling pattern had previously been revealed in East Java last year by the Jember Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) in Lumajang. The new pattern, Rosek continued, has been practiced after smuggling the animals using private vehicles was uncovered. There were also cases where syndicates smuggled protected animals from Sumatra to Java, especially Jakarta and sold the animals in an illegal bird markets in the capital city.
Based on ProFauna research since 2012, the smuggled animals include various kind of chirping birds and primates. In one delivery, the courier could deliver hundreds or even thousands of animals. Rosek said his side has proposed to the government to issue regulations that oblige passengers who bring along animals and plantations on public transportation to acquire permits from the Quarantine Station and BKSDA. To date, such regulation only applied to passengers on airplanes and ships.
According to the Law of Republic of Indonesia number 5 year 1990 about Biological Resources Conservation And Its Ecosystems, the practice of soft hunting, trading and possessing protected animals without permits are considered breaching the law and the perpetrators are liable for 5-year imprisonment and Rp100-million fine.
BKSDA is conducting routine patrols in collaboration with the intelligence to anticipate the animal smuggling, especially the Spindid Bird Market. However, there were no signs of protected animals trading up to date.