Ho Chi Minh City customs authorities have seized handicrafts made from over 21 kilograms of ivory that were smuggled in from France.
A Vietnamese national, identified only as N.P.K., was caught at Tan Son Nhat International Airport Sunday with the contraband in his suitcase.
They are thought to be made from African elephants' tusks, and banned in Vietnam.
The man and the contraband were handed over to the police, and investigations are ongoing.
The 178-member Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or CITES, in its 16th meeting in March named Vietnam as a main transit point and one of eight primary source, transit, and import countries in the international ivory trade.
The eight countries -- China, Kenya, Malaysia, the Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, and Uganda being the others -- have submitted action plans to curb the illegal trade to CITES' Standing Committee.