By Peter Lokale Nakimangole
A report from South Sudan Wildlife Conservation Society quoted by the director for Wildlife Management and Conservation in Eastern Equatoria state Ministry of Environment, Wildlife Conservation and Tourism says that in early 1980s South Sudan recorded more than 130,000 elephants but the liberation struggle which lasted for about three decades made the population of the huge mammals to be condensed to the present 5,000 mostly found in the Game Parks and National Game Reserves across the country.
Lt. Col. Charles Laku Losio attributes the population of elephants decline in the country to illicit killings of the animals for ivory trade because the long wars in the country opened a door for poachers to slaughter them easily without stoppage from any authorities.
Presently in the entire country, about 3.9 percent of elephants have survived which constitutes just about 5,000 of 130,000.
According to Lt. Col. Losio, the elephants during the long struggle movement stayed in parks in the then region of Southern Sudan with 10,940 in the Southern National Park (bordering Western Equatoria State, Lakes State and Northern Bhar el Ghazal), 2, 179 in Jonglei’s Boma National Park, 3, 938 in Sudd region (Jonglei), while the rest were in Nimule, Badingilo national Game Parks and Kidepo Game Reserve. More....