A recent study conducted by the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) shows that at least 10 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs), including some major ones in India are in serious danger of being lost forever.
Some of these major IBAs in the country that are on the verge of extinction, include Flamingo City in Gujarat's Kutch region, Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary at Solapur-Ahmednagar in Maharashtra, Karera Wildlife Sanctuary in MP and the one at Ranebennur in Karnataka.
The BNHS, which has been working with UK-based BirdLife International (a global conservation organisation), revealed these shocking findings in its new report titled "Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas: A Global Network for Conserving Nature and Benefiting People." The report was launched by the BirdLife International at the ongoing World Parks Congress in Sydney, Australia.
"IBAs in Danger" is the latest research by BirdLife International and its country partners such as BNHS.
Apart from Flamingo City at Kutch in Gujarat, the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary at Solapur-Ahmednagar in Maharashtra, Karera Wildlife Sanctuary at Shivpuri in Madhya Pradesh and the one at Ranebennur in Haveri in Karnataka, the other IBAs, as they are now called globally, are Sewri-Mahul Creek, Mumbai, Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary, Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, Tillangchong, Andaman-Nicobar, Dihaila Jheel, Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh, Basai, Gurgaon, Haryana and Sardarpur Florican Sanctuary, Dhar, Madhya Pradesh.
Reason for the Extinction:
The BNHS studies cited the following major reasons behind the loss of biodiversity and habitat in these and other areas: destruction/disturbance due to infrastructure development,
- Wrong anti-people conservation policies
- Indiscriminate livestock grazing beyond traditional pastoral lands
- Industrial and sewage pollution
- Indiscriminate agricultural expansion including use of pesticides
- Rapid urbanization and poaching
Currently, 356 of the total 12,000 IBAs are in danger across 122 countries and territories. About half of these are legally protected.