By The Yomiuri Shimbun
Forty-one kinds of animals and plants will be newly designated as national endangered species, the Environment Ministry announced on Monday.
The capture and sale of designated species are prohibited under the Law for Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
All 41 newly designated species dwell on southern islands, such as snails that are native to Tokyo’s Ogasawara Islands. A total of 89 species, including the golden eagle and Iriomote wildcat, were already listed, bringing the new total to 130 — nearly 50 percent more.
Of the newly listed species, 14 are land snails and 16 are insects including Mandarina hahajimana and Allotraeus boninensis of the Ogasawara Islands. Also included are five species of reptiles and six plants from the Amami Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture to islands in Okinawa Prefecture.
Among the 41 species, 35 are endemic species that only live on their respective islands.
The ministry has also decided to designate an additional 300 species as endangered by 2020. These species are declining because of invasive alien species as well as hobby collectors, so the ministry has decided to designate such threatened species on a priority basis.
After consulting with the public, the ministry will release an official list in early May.