Biodiversity in Colombia, one of the richest on the planet, faces a "discouraging" future after centuries of human degradation of the continental ecosystems, according to a report released in Bogota.
The 2014 Biodiversity Report, prepared by the Alexander von Humboldt Research Institute, offers an exhaustive analysis of the status, trends and challenges of biodiversity in Colombia.
According to the report, climate change will increase the chances of foreign species of flora and fauna invading Colombia's continental systems.
Inhabiting the country are 4,812 species protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, or CITES.
Of those, 66 run a high risk of extinction, notably 11 species of orchids, 31 of mammals and 10 of birds.
The document shows that the provinces with the largest number of critically endangered species - the highest risk category - are Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Santander, Valle del Cauca and Boyaca.
The greatest threat to the diversity of fauna species is the loss of habitat, generally related to the expansion of the boundaries of agriculture and stock raising, the report says, adding that this circumstance affects close to 85 percent of the species.
With regard to flora, the report says that if the current trend continues, by 2030 an additional 12 percent of the remaining forests will be lost, chiefly in the Andean mountains and foothills.
In that scenario, deforestation would spread 27 percent and would affect large areas of the Amazon and Orinoco regions.
The analysis warns that this deforestation will affect the animals that inhabit those woodlands, even causing the extinction of a significant number of species, principally amphibians.
It also says that the illegal coca crops found in 24 of Colombia's 32 provinces, according to figures of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, or UNODC, caused the deforestation of some 250,000 hectares (617,000 acres) in the period between 2001-2012.
According to the data analyzed, the movable nature of these crops has had a negative effect when shifted to high-diversity areas like the Pacific region, where, according to the report, the cropland area increased by 79 percent, and in a single year more than 15,000 hectares (37,000 acres) of forest were clear-cut.
Another relevant aspect is that a large part of Colombia's biodiversity is to be found in collective territories of indigenous peoples representing 27 percent of the nation's total area.
Humboldt General Director Brigitte Baptiste said at the presentation of the report that its purpose is to enable citizens to take informed decisions with regard to the environment.